Department Of Agriculture Fisheries And Forestry Nsw

Department Of Agriculture Fisheries And Forestry Nsw

Department Of Agriculture Fisheries And Forestry Nsw

 New South Wales

 This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors in the New South Wales and the recent New South Wales financial performance of the broadacre, dairy, vegetable, and sugarcane industries.

​​​​​​​​Regional overview

New South Wales covers a total area of around 800,642 square kilometres and is home to approximately 7,739,300 people (ABS 2024). Agricultural land in New South Wales occupies 647,853 square kilometres, or around 80.92 per cent of the state. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 108,600 square kilometres, or 13.6 per cent of the state. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 355,400 square kilometres or 44.4 per cent of the state.

Broad land use in New South Wales
Shows a map of broad land use in the New South Wales. It includes a legend which shows the broad land use categories— nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use; grazing native vegetation; production forestry; grazing modified pastures; plantation forestry; cropping; horticulture; intensive uses and water. This map is discussed in the above paragraph.
Source: Catchment scale land use of Australia ABARES 2024


Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the November 2024 Labour Force Survey indicate that around3.9 million people were employed in New South Wales.
Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 504,400 people, followed by professional, scientific and technical services with 379,000 people, and retail trade with 375,500 people. Other important employment sectors in the state were construction; education and training; and accommodation and food services. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 75,900 people or around 2 per cent of the state’s workforce.

Employment profile, New South Wales, November 2024
Shows the number of people employed in New South Wales by industry in thousands. The figure is discussed in the previous two paragraphs.
Note: Annual average of the preceding 4 quarters.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 6291.0, Labour Force, Australia 2024​

Agricultural sector

Value of agricultural production

In 2015–16, the gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales was $13.1 billion, which was 23 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Australia ($56 billion).
The most important commodities in New South Wales based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($2.6 billion), followed by wheat ($1.9 billion) and wool ($0.9 billion). These commodities together contributed 41 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the state.

Value of agricultural production, New South Wales, 2015–16
Shows the gross value of agricultural production in the region in millions of dollars. The figure is discussed in the previous two paragraphs.
Note: The graph shows only data published by the ABS. Some values were not published by the ABS to ensure confidentiality. The “Other commodities” category includes the total value of commodities not published as well as those with small values.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 7503.0, Value of agricultural commodities produced, Australia 2024

Number and type of farms

ABS data indicate that in 2015–16 there were 25,716 farms in New South Wales with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The state contains 30 per cent of all farm businesses in Australia.

Number of farms, by industry classification, New South Wales, 2015–16
Industry classification New South Wales ​Australia
Number of farms % of Region Number of farms Contribution of NSW to Australian total %
Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised) 7,095 27.6 22,608 31.4
Sheep Farming (Specialised) 3,423 13.3 9,632 35.5
Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming 3,105 12.1 8,507 36.5
Other Grain Growing 2,984 11.6 10,496 28.4
Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming 2,531 9.8 5,069 49.9
Dairy Cattle Farming 868 3.4 6,609 13.1
Horse Farming 726 2.8 1,887 38.5
Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing 658 2.6 1,936 34.0
Vegetable Growing (Outdoors) 607 2.4 2,742 22.1
Grape Growing 483 1.9 3,097 15.6
Other 3,236 12.6 11,932 27.1
Total agriculture 25,716 100 84,515 30.4

Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region’s industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2024.

Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (7,095 farms) were the most common, accounting for 28 per cent of all farms in New South Wales, and 31 per cent of all beef cattle farms in Australia.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 39 per cent of farms in New South Wales had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 8 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2015–16. In comparison, 11 per cent of farms in the state had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 51 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in New South Wales in 2015–16.

Distribution of farms by estimated value of agricultural operations, New South Wales, 2015–16
Shows share of farms and share of value of agricultural operations in New South Wales. The figure is discussed in the previous paragraph.
Note: Only farms with an EVAO of $50,000 or more in 2015–16 are included in these data. The scope of ABS Rural Environment and Agricultural Collections changed in 2015–16 to include only agricultural businesses with an EVAO of $40,000 or greater.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2024

Farm financial performance

Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, sheep, grains, dairy, vegetable, and sugarcane farms in New South Wales.

Fisheries sector

In 2014–15 the gross value of New South Wales fisheries production was estimated to be around $147 million, increasing by 2 per cent ($2 million) from 2013–14. New South Wales contributed 5 per cent of the total value of Australian fisheries production in 2014–15. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 59 per cent ($87 million) of the state’s total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 41 per cent ($61 million).
New South Wales wild-catch fisheries provide a range of fisheries products. In 2014–15, finfish species contributed 46 per cent of the wild-catch production, valued at $40 million. The main finfish species landed were sea mullet, with a gross value of production of $8.0 million, followed by black and yellowfin bream ($3.5 million), school whiting ($2.6 million), snapper ($1.7 million), and sand whiting ($1.6 million). Prawns contributed 22 per cent of the total value of wild-catch fisheries with a value of $19.3 million, with other important crustacean groups being eastern rock lobster (13 per cent; $11.4 million), and crabs (9 per cent; $7.6 million).
In 2014–15 the value of New South Wales aquaculture production is estimated to have increased by 14 per cent ($7.3 million) to $61 million. Oyster production makes the greatest contribution to New South Wales aquaculture production, accounting for 67 per cent of production by value, worth $40.6 million. Prawns ($5.1 million) and finfish aquaculture species, including silver perch ($3 million), trout ($2.8 million), and barramundi ($0.9 million) make up most of the remaining aquaculture production.
Commonwealth fisheries active in New South Wales include the Small Pelagic Fishery, the Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with tuna), and the Commonwealth trawl sector of the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark fishery.
In 2014–15, New South Wales fisheries product exports were valued at $18.6 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen fish, rock lobster, and abalone. Japan and New Zealand, are the major destinations for New South Wales fisheries exports, accounting for 33 per cent and 15 per cent of the total value of exports in 2014–15, respectively. Other major export destinations include Taiwan (14 per cent), Vietnam (12 per cent), and Italy (5 per cent).
The New South Wales coast line is an important recreational fishing area, with a multitude of inlets and estuaries from which to fish. Being a tourism precinct, the region offers a number of recreational fishing opportunities, with the value of this activity to the regional economy likely to be significant. There are also a range of game fishing tournaments throughout the year, including in the Bermagui and Port Stephens area, targeting tuna and marlin species. New South Wales also contains a number of recreational only fishing areas, especially in the far south coast of New South Wales, a popular destination for both marine and freshwater recreational fishers. A large number of recreational fishers also fish in the Greater Sydney area, stretching from Newcastle to the Illawarra area, and comprising the city areas of Newcastle, Sydney, and Wollongong. Species commonly targeted in the area include yellowfin bream, dusky flathead, yellowtail, blue swimmer crab, squid, and southern calamari (Steffe & Murphy 2011).

Forestry sector

In 2015–16, the total plantation area in New South Wales was 394,400 hectares, comprised of 87,100 hectares of hardwood plantations, 307,100 hectares of softwood plantations and 100 hectares of other plantations. The main hardwood species planted are Dunn’s white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii), blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis), flooded gum (Eucalyptus grandis), and Sydney blue gum (Eucalyptus saligna). The main softwood species planted are radiata pine (Pinus radiata), slash pine (Pinus elliottii), and Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea).
In 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, there were approximately 22.3 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt medium woodland (6.8 million hectares), Eucalypt medium open (4.8 million hectares), Eucalypt tall open (2.3 million hectares), Callitris (1.5 million hectares), and Eucalypt mallee woodland (1.1 million hectares) forest types. There were 8.9 million hectares of the native forests are privately owned, 5.7 million hectares are leasehold forest, 5.6 million hectares are in nature conservation reserves and 2.0 million hectares in multiple-use public forest available for timber production. Major timber processing industries are located at Albury, Barham, Booral, Gilmore, Glenn Innes, Glenreagh, Herons Creek, Koolkhan, Kyogle, Lismore, Thora, Tumbarumba, Tumut, Urbenville, Walcha, and Wyan.
In 2015–16, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 876,000 cubic metres valued at $110 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested was 63,000 cubic metres valued at $5 million. The volume of softwood harvested was 4.7 million cubic metres valued at $344 million. These values and volumes include New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.
Total sales and service income in the New South Wales forest and wood product industry was estimated at $8.9 billion in 2015–16. The income generated from the sale of wood products was $4.6 billion, and the income generated from the sale of paper and paper products was $4.3 billion.
In , the New South Wales forestry sector employed 17,571 workers (0.5 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 22,250 (0.7 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry, logging, support services, timber wholesaling; and wood, pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.

Area of native forest, by tenure, New South Wales
Shows the Area of native forest, by tenure. The figure is discussed in the previous paragraphs.


Scroll to Top